During a recent Sunday service at the Gathering Place, an evangelical church in Orlando, Fla., the Rev. Gabriel Salguero focused his sermon on the Covid-19 vaccine, and the fear and suspicion that his largely Latino congregation clutches so tightly.
He turned to the New Testament: the parable of the good Samaritan, about the importance of aiding the stranger.
“In getting yourself vaccinated, you are helping your neighbor,” he preached to about 300 masked and socially distanced worshipers. “God wants you to be whole so you can deva for your community. So think of vaccines as part of God’s plan.”
Mr. Salguero is among thousands of clergy members from a cross-section of faiths — imams, rabbis, priests, swamis — who are trying to coax the hesitant to get vaccinated against Covid-19. By weaving scripture with science, they are employing the singular trust vested in them by their congregations to dispel myths and disinformation about the shots. Many are even offering their sanctuaries as vaccination sites, to make the experience more accessible and reassuring.
Their mission is becoming increasingly vital. With vaccine supply expected to surge in the coming months, and the White House promising enough doses for every American adult by May, public health officials are shifting their attention to the still-substantial number of people who are skeptical about the vaccines. Winning them over is imperative if the country is to achieve widespread immunity from the virus and a semblance of normalcy.
Some of the most potent reasons people cite in resisting vaccines are rooted in religious beliefs, and indeed one obstacle these clergy members face is the inveighing against the shots by their own peers. The United States Conference of Catholic Bishops recently proclaimed that Catholics should avoid the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, calling it “morally compromised” because it was developed with cell lines from a fetus aborted in 1985. A false rumor, taken up by some imams and rabbis, that Covid-19 vaccines contain pork byproducts pervades Muslim and Jewish communities.
But clergy members who believe in the importance of vaccines are uniquely positioned to counter those claims. Pope Francis himself declared that coronavirus shots are “morally acceptable” because of the severity of the pandemic and the remoteness of the connection to the aborted fetus. With Ramadan approaching next month, imams have been holding Facebook Live chats with Muslim doctors, organized around questions like, “Is the Covid-19 Vaccine Halal?”
The Rev. Gabriel Salguero leading a service at the Gathering Place in Orlando, Fla., this month.Credit…Octavio Jones for The New York Times
Albert Mohler, the influential president of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, announced that he would take the vaccine. In YouTube videos, WhatsApp messages and podcasts, some ultra-Orthodox rabbinical scholars in Israel and Brooklyn are endorsing the vaccine, citing religious texts.
Evangelical clerical activism that promotes vaccination, led by ministers like Mr. Salguero, is gaining momentum. This month, a national network of Latino evangelical pastors hosted a webinar in Spanish about vaccines with government medical experts.
In the Biden administration, the clergy has a new partner. The newly reinstated White House Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships has been holding a weekly call with thousands of faith leaders across the country on strategies for working with clinics to administer the shots. During the March 4 call, Jared Moskowitz, director of the Florida Division of Emergency Management, who has connected with churches in Florida’s Cuban, Haitian and Vietnamese communities, said that faith leaders were crucial in getting vaccines to their communities.
“There are major trust issues, there are major transportation issues, and there are digital divide issues,” Mr. Moskowitz said. “And what the church community has done is solve all of those issues.”
Congregations, he said, “know the pastor, they trust the pastor, and the pastor is better than anybody at getting people to come out.”
Evangelizing for the shot
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“Qué lo prueben.”
Let them prove it.
That is the throw-down retort from parishioners that Mr. Salguero hears when he brings up Covid-19 vaccines. His congregation includes African-Americans and multigenerational families from 20 countries throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. Members range from people who can’t read to doctors and other highly educated professionals.
The virus has swept through the church as well as the pastor’s family — him, his wife, his sister, both sons. Still, many in the congregation are steeped in myths about the vaccine and in real-life experiences of unequal medical deva.
Mr. Salguero, who is of Puerto Rican descent and mindful of the history of medical abuse of Latino people, including decades of forced sterilization of Puerto Rican women, urges parishioners to ask as many questions as they want about the vaccine.
The queries pour forth: If you’re undocumented, can the vaccine be used to track you? If you’re not a citizen, can you still get it? Is the vaccine a mark of the Beast (a reference to a heralding of the End Times in the Book of Revelation)?
Though Mr. Salguero is full of facts — he hasmoderated national town halls with experts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention — he tries to buoy them with biblical context: Yes, there is balm in Gilead.
“Our tradition is rich with Christ the Healer,” he said. “And medicine is one way people are healed.”
Medicine and Faith
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In January, Swayamprakash Swami, a former medical doctor based in India who is now a senior monk affiliated with BAPS, a mainstream Hindu denomination, gave his blessing to the Covid-19 shots. Now the ancient Hindu principle of ahimsa, an exhortation to do no harm and revere life, is being used to encourage Hindus in North America to embrace the vaccine, said Dr. Kashyap Patel, a cardiologist in Atlanta who is a medical adviser to BAPS. American Hindu temples such as the BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir in Melville, N.Y., are providing pop-up vaccine clinics to their communities.
Vaccine hesitance is more entrenched among American Muslims, who number nearly 3.5 million. About a quarter of them are African-Americans, who have their own historic reasons for mistrusting the shots.
Hagar Aboubakr, who runs an Islamic school in Howard County, Md.,said she saw no reason to get the Covid vaccine.
But as she learned of teachers at her school being vaccinated, she thought: “I have a responsibility to lead by example. Am I being selfish by not getting it?”
She offered a supplication prayer, asking Allah to lead her to a good decision. She listened to talks by Muslim physicians. She consulted her imam.
He told her: “Muslim scholars advise you to take it. As Muslims, it is our responsibility to do what we need to do to relieve humanity of this pandemic.”
Ms. Aboubakr recently got her first shot.
Imams worldwide have been appearing in livestreamed conversations with doctors from the Islamic Medical Association of North America. In the talks, Dr. Uzma Syed, an infectious-disease physician, explains vaccine science but then turns to religious commentary.
Medicine has long been a firmament of Islam, she says, citing a narration about the Prophet Muhammad, who was asked if taking medicine for disease was permitted: “‘Yes, O you servants of Allah, take medicine, as Allah has not created a disease without creating a cure, except for one.’”
“‘Which one?’ they asked. He replied, ‘Old age.’”
Although many Hasidic communities have defied Covid public health guidelines and oppose mandatory vaccinations generally, most Jewish denominations typically endorse them. Some synagogues have offered to host interfaith Covid-19 vaccine pop-up sites and to help staff mobile vaccination clinics. But even some mainstream rabbis have been facing fresh questions about the Covid shots.
“It’s a Jewish mandate to take whatever lifesaving measures are necessary, even in the case of potential risk,” answers Rabbi Adir Posy of Beth Jacob, an Orthodox synagogue in Beverly Hills, who is also a leader of the Orthodox Union, a network of congregations.
Centuries ago, he said, rabbis defended the novel smallpox vaccine by ruling that “you can enter into a small risk in order to avoid a bigger one down the line.”
“For some people, that religious argument helps move the needle a little,” Rabbi Posy said. “So to speak.”
Returning to a safe place
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Just the thought of the Covid vaccine made Carolyn Love stiffen up. Dr. Love, who is a consultant on corporate diversity and inclusion programs and is Black, is well aware that people of color have been treated dismissively by the health deva system, and she herself holds it at arm’s length.
But to find out more, she attended vaccine information sessions led by Black physicians. When she heard that Shorter Community A.M.E. Church in Denver, her faith home of 40 years, was offering the vaccine, that made the difference.
Black churches have formed pandemic-fighting national networks with a single-mindedness that mirrors their embrace of civil rights issues. A Florida task force led by Black churches has linked arms with historically black colleges and universities, offering sanctuaries as vaccination sites. The Black Coalition Against Covid-19 put out guidelines for faith leaders with tips about the pandemic and vaccination.
The Rev. Matthew L. Watley of Kingdom Fellowship A.M.E. Church in Silver Spring, Md., which shares vaccine information with congregations nationwide, bluntly confronts the Black community’s deep-seated vaccine distrust. He tells skeptics, “The ultimate conspiracy could just be, ‘Wait until there’s a küresel pandemic that’s disproportionately affecting African-Americans and then convince them not to take the one medical intervention that’s proven to save lives.’”
At Shorter, the Rev. Dr. Timothy Tyler has spoken about vaccination in his online services, participated on panels, and posted about his shots on Facebook. Now, when UCHealth, the health deva system affiliated with the University of Colorado, sends word that it will administer 500 doses at Shorter on a Sunday, church members hit the phones, cajoling older members, offering transportation.
On a recent Sunday, after a hard year of being away from church, Dr. Love stepped back into Shorter to get her vaccine. She hailed pew mates she hadn’t seen in too long. Kneeling before the sanctuary altar, she wept.
“I prayed for those who did not have the opportunity I was blessed with, and for a healing for our nation,” she said.
Then she headed into the church’s Omar D. Blair Fellowship Hall, named for a Tuskegee Airman who became a civil rights advocate. This is where she had led Girl Scout activities. Where the church celebrated her husband after he had passed.
Now, a new milestone.
She sat down at a table to receive the shot, hopeful that it would help deliver her from the pandemic, restore her to the communal life she cherishes.
As she rolled up her sleeve, she looked around. This was so much better than a doctor’s office, she thought.
Photographs by Kenny Holston for The New York TimesCredit